Introduction, Consultation, Tests and Read more

Most likely the woman sensed the possibility of a pregnancy after the first delay of menses. This puts us in the first few weeks. It is important that pregnancy is controlled by specialists. The care of pregnancy contributes greatly to lowering the potential problems of pregnancy, including abortion.


This consultation gives you the gynecologist with many questions in order to prevent possible risks to your pregnancy in particular related to family history, bad habits etc. Below you find these questions:

1. Name, address, place of birth, age, marital status, work, your husband, partner or person as a reference for you.

2. Personal health. Background of your partner and family.

3. Medical history (rubella, hepatitis, chicken pox, measles ... or heart disease, rheumatism, diabetes, hypertension, and all processes that are important)

4. Surgical history (type of intervention and date)

5. Gynecological history (age of first menstruation, each as it occurs and lasts for days, if it hurt ...)

6. If you take medications regularly. For example, sleeping pills, ovulation.

7. If you take drugs or alcohol. If you smoke or have any unhealthy habit.

8. Obstetric history (if you had more children, the weight, as was the birth, if breastfeeding had ...)

9. When was the last ruler.


In this first consultation the physician specialist, a gynecologist, will make you a complete physical examination and a more comprehensive breast and the vagina. I prescribe some compounds such as vitamins and folic acid to prevent spina bifida in the fetus.

The evidence to be submitted in this first consultation will include:

1. Ultrasound to confirm pregnancy, number of fetuses and their morphology. Ultrasound, or ultrasonography ecosonography is an imaging procedure that uses the echoes of an ultrasonic emission directed a body or object as a data source to form an image of internal organs or bodies for diagnostic purposes. A small instrument similar to a microphone "called transducer emits ultrasound waves. These high-frequency sound waves are transmitted into the area of the body under study, and its echo is received. The transducer collects the reflected sound waves and a computer converts the echo into an image displayed on the computer screen. Ultrasound is an easy procedure, which does not use radiation, although it is usually in the radiology service, and thus is often used to visualize fetuses that are being formed. To undergo an ultrasound examination, the patient simply lies down on a table and the doctor moves the transducer over the skin that is on the part of the body to examine. It is necessary to put a gel on the skin for proper transmission of ultrasound. It is a noninvasive test (not dangerous) through which you see your son on a screen. Normally after the 8th week is when you can appreciate. Through this test fetal age can be calculated and their morphology (hands, feet, sex organs ... )

2. Urine and blood conditions that could be harmful to your baby's health (eg, hepatitis B, syphilis and other sexually transmitted infections). Your doctor will ask if you want a test for HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

* Antibodies that show whether or not immune to rubella (German measles) and varicella diseases that can cause birth defects if the mother contracted for the first time during pregnancy

* Anemia (low red blood cell count), which might make you feel particularly tired, and in some cases, increase their risk of premature delivery

* Your blood group, including the Rh factor of red blood cells. A Women who do not have the Rh factor are called Rh negative, and usually need to undergo a treatment to protect their babies from a potentially dangerous problem in blood

* Bacteria in the urine. Up to 10 percent of pregnant women have bacteria in the urine, indicating an infection of the urinary tract. Most do not even have symptoms, but asymptomatic infection can spread and reach the kidneys, which can represent a serious risk to mother and baby. The urinary tract infections are treated with antibiotics that are safe for both mother and baby.

* Sugar in the urine. This can be a sign of diabetes. Your doctor may ask you perform additional testing if it detects sugar in the urine.

* Protein in the urine. This may indicate a urinary tract infection or, at a later stage of pregnancy, a pregnancy-related conditions including high blood pressure. Your doctor may ask you perform additional testing if it detects protein in urine.

3. Vaginal cytology: Also called Pap smear, is practiced with a wooden spatula, brush, sponge or cotton. The doctor gently scrapes the surface of the cervix to collect cells. These are sent to the laboratory. Abnormal cells should be given a more intensive biopsy as fit as risks such as cancer.

The doctor will want to see you every 4 weeks until week 28 of gestation, from the visits will be every week until the birth. At each consultation, the doctor will perform a physical exam to check the weight, the limbs (which detects fluid retention), blood pressure and uterine height. Furthermore observe the position of the fetus and the beating of his heart. The consultation will be looking to go heavy weight gain throughout the pregnancy.

Read more about:

* The first symptoms of pregnancy
* Ultrasonography
* Cytology
* Urinalysis
* Blood tests
* The following query

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